Handhelds that use cartridges FAQ
Version 1.7 - Last updated 23rd of March 2001
Creator & Maintainer: Manu / Pelikonepeijoonit [man@sci.fi] 


Copyright (c) 2000,2001 Manu Parssinen

All rights reserved. If someone wants to publish this document in whole 
or in part (on paper or online), please contact me first (man@sci.fi). 
Also, this is my first try at creating an FAQ, so suggestions are 

The information contained here is provided for informational purposes
only. No warranty is made with regards to the accuracy of the 
information, as it has mostly been collected around internet. If you 
wish to add or correct something, please contact me in the above 
mentioned address. If I found some of this information from your 
homepage, and didn't remember to thank you : Thank You.

You can also find me on most weekdays from IRC (Undernet) on #rgvc with 
the nick manu_pkp.


Updates :

23.03.2001 - Version 1.7 - Lots of additions and corrections.
10.01.2001 - Version 1.61 - Added info about a yellow Hartung GameMaster
- it turned out to be a self paint job, removed.
09.01.2001 - Version 1.6 - Added a few links, lots of Game Boy clones,
lots of Game Boy variations, Camerica The Express, Game Park 32 (yeah I
know it doesn't use cartridges, but still..), found out that Game Axe
is manufactured by Redant.. some other updates here and there.
13.12.2000 - Version 1.5 - Added display types and some new machines.
27.10.2000 - Version 1.21 - Corrected the Bandai DigiCasse information.
25.10.2000 - Version 1.2 - Lots of additions and corrections.



I) Introduction - which games are listed here?
II) Handhelds that use cartridges in alphabetical order by manufacturer
III) Manufacturer unknown
IV) Links and thanks


I) Introduction

They have a display of their own, they can be used with a battery/
batteries and they have cartridges or other interchangeable media. How 
cool can a machine be? We couldn't find a page listing all of the systems
and having information on them, so.. here you go. If you have any 
additions, contact me. WWW - version (with LOTS OF PICTURES and links) 
of this FAQ is available at 


You can also get there by going to http://pkp.cjb.net (Pelikonepeijoonit 
- The Arctic Computer and Console Museum) and choosing 'Articles'.

An updated version of this FAQ can be found at the same address.

There has been some discussion if the numerous handhelds that use 
overlays instead of actual cartridges should be listed here. They aren't
listed anywhere else, so I'd think this is the most approriate place for
them. Also, all the color variations are listed as separate machines for
the Sega Game Gear, as they are not widely known, but for example the 
Tommy Hilfiger and Pikachu Nintendo Game Boy Colors haven't been listed 
as separate machines. This is my own decision, and you can complain if 
you really want to.


II) Handhelds that use cartridges in alphabetical order by manufacturer

Display types

LED = Light Emitting Diode
LCD = Liquid Crystal Display
VFD = Vacuum Fluorescent Display


Cosmos, introduced in 1981. LED. Partly holographic tabletop system that 
was never released. Had at least a Superman game.

Lynx, released in 1989. LCD. 6502 CPU, 16 MHz. Graphics zooming hardware. 
Designed by the Amiga team. Has about 70-80 games released.

Lynx II, released in 1991. LCD. Same as above, smaller, lighter, some say 
it had a poorer speaker. The backlight can be turned off to save 



Mathemagician, released in ?. LCD. Calculator-like learning tool that has 
overlays. At least 6 games : Countin' On, Football, Lunar Lander, ?, ? 
and ?. 



Supervision, released in ?. LCD. Same as the Watara Supervision. The first 
version, marketed in France and Italy.



Digi Casse, released in 1984. LCD. Japanese LCD system with at least 4 carts. 

HET, never released, but almost in 1994. LCD. Portable Super Famicon, shaped 
like a laptop. Called the "Home Entertainment Terminal" since you would've 
been able to connect a CD-ROM, video printer, fax and a modem into it as well. 
Had a 4 inch color LCD with built-in TV-tuner.

WonderSwan, released in 1999. LCD. Has different color variations : Gold, 
Camouflage, Pearl White, Skeleton Green, Silver Metallic, Skeleton Red, Blue 
Metallic, Soda Blue, Skeleton Black, Sherbet Melon, Skeleton Blue and Frozen 
Mint. In March 2000, 4 different special edition versions were released : 
Chocobo, Digimon, Zeon & Earth Federation. There's also another Digimon set, 
two Gundam sets and a Tare Panda set. 16-bit CPU at 3.072 MHz, Black & White 
224*144 pixel display, 8 shades of gray, carts can be up to 128 MB in size. 
Can be played horizontally or vertically. Last I heard there was >100 games 

WonderSwan Color, released in 2000. LCD. 5 color variations (crystal blue, 
crystal black, crystal orange, pearl blue and pearl pink), released only in 
Japan so far, fall 2001 for USA rumored. Has 241 colors on screen and a 
hypervoice sound system with headphones. An USB enables connecting the 
thingy to a Playstation 2. One of the first release games was Final Fantasy 



Colorvision, released in 1985. VFD. Tabletop, 5 carts released : Monster 
Chase, Jungle Boy, Submarine, Beasts Planet and ..? Also manufactured 
by Romtec.



Gamate, released in 1991. LCD. Made in Korea by Bit Corporation. Game list: 
4-in-1 (Mini Golf, Cube-up, Brick Master, and Vindicators), Boom, Monster 
Pitfall, Boy Forum, Devil Castle, Galaxy Invaders, Magic Jigsaw, Cosmic 
Fighter, Brick Blaster, Time Warrior, Myth of Anamia, Witty Apee... more 
(one cart has serial number 29) ? Crappy screen, boring games and the power 
of the dark side got it out of the market faster than you can say "Nintendo 
Game Boy". Was marketed at least in England, Austria and South Africa. Crappy 
screen, boring games and the power of the dark side got it out of the market 
faster than you can say "Nintendo Game Boy".

Gamate color, never released. LCD. The color version of Gamate. Mentioned in
an US videogame magazine. It was apparently shown at the CES some years ago,
the same time with NEC Turbo Express system (1990?). The design of the 
system was mentioned to be similar to the NEC system. The article also 
mentioned that the system, together with the b/w version, was already on the 
market in the Far East and Mexico (anyone have one of these?). This info
hasn't been confirmed.



The Express, never released. Camerica announced a portable NES called 
The Express, but it never got published.



Game Baby, released in ?. LCD. At least 8 carts : Football, High Way, 
Lift Boat, Car Racing, Motor Cycle, Sheep Dog, Space Rescue & Frisbee.



Total Control 4, released in 1981. LED. Coleco's attempt in 
making a 4-player tabletop with interchangeable games. 4 games were 
released. (Hockey, Soccer, Football and Basketball)

Quiz Wiz, released in 1980. LED. A trivia game, many different carts 
(question sets) (+books) with 1001 questions each.

Quiz Wiz Challanger, released in 1981. LED. Trivia game for four players 
with many different carts (question sets).



Electronic Multisport, released in 198?. LED. A handheld game that uses 
3 overlays for different games : Ice Hockey, Basketball and Soccer.



Mega Duck, released in ?. LCD. At least 7 carts : Artic Zone, Bomb 
Disposer, Four In One, The Magic Maze, Pile Wonder, Suilemann's Wonder 
and Vex. Also made by Timlex and Videojet.



Nu Pogodi, released in ?. LCD. A Russian handheld with at least 
2 interchangeable carts.



Adventure Vision, released in 1982. LED. Table-top, but way, way cool. 
The holy grail of many video game collectors. Used rows of leds and a 
spinning mirror. Four games released : Defender, Turtles, Super Cobra 
and Space Force.

Select-A-Game, released in 1982. VFD. A mini arcade for 1 or 2 players, 
used overlays as well as carts. 8 games were released : Baseball, 
Football, Basketball, Battleship, Turtles, Pinball, Space Invader 
(came with the system) and Pac-Man.



Game Pocket Computer, released in 1984. LCD. 6 carts made : Block Maze, 
Astro Bomber, Mah jong.. 2 unknowns and a simple drawing/test cart that 
came with the system. LCD display (75x64), adjustable brightness.



Hand Game SY-3000B, released in 1998?. LCD. Taiwanese Nintendo Game Boy 
Clone. At least two different versions : white and gray-transparent.



Game Park 32, released in 2001. LCD. A brand new handheld game system 
by Game Park said to be the worlds' first with 32 bit CPU - also has 
an impressively big screen. See the web site for more information. 
Many different color versions. Also supports internet, network gaming, 
MP3 and movies. This machine doesn't use cartridges, games have to be 
downloaded from the internet, sorry about the exception... Cool thing 



Supervision, released in ?. LCD. See "Watara Supervision".



GPi-1200M, released in ?. LCD. Portable CD-i with LCD display.



Game Player, released in ?. LCD. UK system, Microgames compatible? At 
least 3 carts : Football, Invader, Minefield.

Light Games, released in 1988. LCD. UK system, projects the games on a 
wall much like the Ludotronic Proscreen. At least one game: Auto Race.

Wizard (?), released in?. LCD. Gray handheld with pink buttons, more 
info needed.



Game Master, released in 199?. LCD. Another failed attempt to challenge 
Game Boy. Has at least the following games : Falling Block, Hyper Space, 
Go Bang Game, Space Castle, Tennis, Soccer, Pin Ball, Car Racing, Bubble 
Boy, Kung Fu, Tank War, Invader, Dungeon Adventure, Continental Galaxy, 
Urban Challenge, and Move It. Same as the 'Gametronic' found from France. 
Also made by Impel. At least Falling Block has two different label 

Supervision, released in ?. LCD. See Watara. A bit different design, with 
red line going around the screen etc.



Super Micro, released in ?. ?. At least 3 carts, see "Palmtex Super Micro"



Game Master, released in 199?. LCD. Same as Hartung.



Mega-Six, released in 199?. LCD. Has 6 games on 3 cartridges (1 on each 
side of a cartridge). Judging by the amount of buttons, I'd say it's 
possible to play 2-player games with this machine. 



Multisport 7, released in 1980. LED. Pong type table top that has 7
different overlays (basketball, hockey, soccer, obstacle course, 
baseball, football and handball). 



Pasoko, released in 1996. LCD. Japanese/Chinese handheld "Go"-game that
uses cartridges to reproduce famous (?) Go -tournaments. 8 games 



Challenging Series, released in 198?. LCD. Much like the other 
Interchangeable or Challenging handhelds. 



Proscreen, released in 1984. VFD. A tabletop that can project the game 
on to a wall. At least one game : Alerte Rouge (pack-in).



Game Gear, released in 2000. LCD. Majesco bought the rights to Sega's
Game Gear and re-released it in the year 2000. It's black instead of
the old dark gray and we've heard that Master Gear Converter or at least
the TV-tuner don't work right (or at all) with it.



Teach and Learn Computer, released in 1981?. A learning gadget for 
little kids. At least : Reading Readiness (2 different), Basic Learning 
(2 different), Learning About People & Animals (2 different), Stories & 
Rhymes, Learning About My World, Learning About Sounds, Games & Mazes (2 
different), Fascinating Facts and Sesame Street Parade. 



Game Child, released in 199?. LCD. Gameboy look-a-like LCD game. Basicly
same as MUTI Game Child and the like, but this one looks VERY similar to
Nintendo Gameboy



Game Wizard, released in 1995. LCD. Different themes (for example Star 
Wars with 2 carts (Darth Vader's Revenge & Princess Leia's Rescue), All 
Star Sports, Mighty Morphin' Power Rangers, The Mask, Universal 
Monsters, Fairy Tale Fun, Goosebumps, Saban's VR Troopers, Ace Ventura: 
Pet Detective, Bible Stories, and Barbie For Girls (different design).



Microvision, released in 1978. LED. First handheld system with 
interchangeable carts. Had the following games : Alien Raiders, 
Baseball, Block Buster, Bowling, Connect Four, Cosmic Hunter, 
Mind Buster, Pinball, Sea Duel, Star Trek Phaser Strike and Vegas Slots. 
Two models : one that uses two 9V batteries (the original), and one that 
uses only one and has a bigger control knob. Designed by the same guy 
that designed Vectrex.



Game Child, released in ?. LCD. At least 4 carts.

Game Kid, released in ?. LCD. 2nd version of the Game Child.



TurboExpress (PC-Engine GT), released in 1990. LCD. Handheld NEC 
Turbografx. Has an impressive (and expensive) active matrix LCD display.

PC-Engine LT, released in 1991. LCD. A cool, expensive and hard to find 
laptop-a-like handheld NEC PC-Engine.



Game Boy, released in 1990. LCD. The king of handhelds (at least when 
it comes to sales figures). Hundreds of games (>1000?). There's at least 
blue, yellow, red, black, green and transparent versions available.

Game Boy Advance, released in 2001. LCD. The first "next generation" 
handheld, with technical specs close to SNES.

Game Boy Pocket, released in 199?. LCD. Lighter, slimmer version of the 
original. At least black, transparent, green, blue, yellow and red 
versions available. Special editions : Pink Tamagotchi Edition, Pink 
Hello Kitty Edition, Purple Clear (Japan), Ice Blue (USA), Gold, White 
(prototype?), Extreme Green (Toys'R'Us only), Clear Famitsu Special 
Edition, Glow-in-the-dark. 

Game Boy Light, released in 199?. LCD. Japan only. Game Boy Pocket with a 
backlight. Silver and gold versions available. Also Yellow Pokemon 
Edition, Clear Astro Boy edition, Red clear Astro Boy edition, Famitsu 
Special Edition model with white buttons and Clear Yellow.

Game Boy Color, released in 1998. LCD. The colored Game Boy riding on the 
success of Pokémon. Released versions : Dandelion, Berry, Kiwi, Teal, 
Grape, Atomic Purple (transparent), Tommy Hilfiger special edition, 
Pokemon (Pikachu) special edition, Hello Kitty special edition and Mario
Limited Edition.

Virtual Boy, released in 1995. ?. The 3-D headgear from Nintendo. 32-bit 
RISC Processor @ 20 MHz (18 MIPS), 1 MB of DRAM and 512 KB of P-SRAM, 
16-bit Stereo sound, has about 20 games. 



Etch-A-Sketch Animator 2000, released in ?. LCD. Apparently this thingy 
uses cartridges as well, more info needed. At least one cartridge : 
Putt-Nuts. A memory card to save your work was also available.



Super Micro (PVS), released in 1983. At least three carts : React Attack,
Aladdin's Adventures (pack-in) and Outflank. Also listed are Crystals of
Morga, Mayday, Mine Field, Spellbound and Star Trooper, but we don't 
know if they were released or renamed. The 'cartridges' had layers of 
color filters. The player saw color graphics although hardwarewise it was
all monochrome. Aladdin's Adventures game design and scenario by Dan 
Shafer. Programming by Chuck Blanchard. Published 1983 Palmtex Inc. 
Developed by Home-Computer Software Inc.



Superstar Lineup Talking Football, released in 198?. LED. Football game 
that uses carts.

Starting Line Talking Baseball, released in 1988. LED. Carts : AL: 
Cleveland, Detroit, Toronto & Milwaukee (1988, Parker Bros.) #4001, 
AL: Oakland, California & Seattle (1988, Parker Bros.) #4004, Baseball 
Hall of Fame (1988, Parker Bros.) No # - Packed with system NL: New York 
Mets, Philadelphia & Pittsburgh (1988, Parker Bros.) #4006, NL: San Diego, 
San Francisco & Los Angeles (1988, Parker Bros.) #4007.



CDi-350, released in ?. LCD. Portable CD-i. Has bigger screen than the 370. 

CDi-370, released in ?. LCD. Portable CD-i.



Supervision, released in 1992. LCD. See 'Watara Supervision'.



Game Axe, released in 1989. LCD. Released in Hong Kong / Taiwan. 
Handheld with 4" color LCD accepting Famicom carts! Originally released 
in 1989, reborn in 2000 for some reason.



Colorvision, released in ?. VFD. 5 carts. See 'Bazin Colorvision'.



Super Giant, released in ?. LCD. Gameboy clone. This looks exactly the
same than the one by Fortune. Maybe it's the same thing?



?, released in ?. LCD. This Japanese company made at least 2 LCD games 
that have a slot on the top for cartridges (or at least that's what it 
looks like, it could also be just for hooking two systems though..)



Game Gear, released in 1991. LCD. Z80 CPU, colour display, basicly a 
portable Sega Master System (there is a converter to play SMS games). 
> 200 games.

Game Gear Blue, released in ?. LCD. Blue machine, came with Lion King. 
Also bundled in a sports package with a carrying case and football and 
baseball games. Different processor that prohibits the use of multi-carts.

Game Gear White, released in ?. LCD. White machine, (Japanese release).

Game Gear Coca Cola, released in ?. LCD. Coca Cola themed machine 
(Japanese release).

Game Gear Red, released in ?. LCD. Japanese release (also found in 

Game Gear Light Blue, released in ?. LCD. Most likely a Japanese release, 
found from Canada, New Zealand and Australia (?).

Game Gear Magic Knight, released in ?. LCD. Most likely a Japanese 

Game Gear Pink, released in ?. LCD. Japanese release

Game Gear Purple, released in ?. LCD. To our knowledge only one 
prototype exists.

Game Gear Black, see Majesco.

Game Gear Yellow, released in ?. LCD. Japanese release.

Game Gear Virtua Fighter Mini, released in ?. LCD. Virtua Fighter themed 
machine, Japanese. Also called Kids Gear.

Game Gear Gold & Diamonds, released in ?. LCD. A special version of the 
Game Gear made by David Morris International. It was covered with gold 
and diamonds and sold for a very high price in few units only. Anyone
have the magazine that had a picture of it?

Nomad, released in 1995. LCD. Plays Genesis (and some MegaDrive) games. 
MC68000/8 MHz - 16/32-Bit and Z80/4 MHz - 8-Bit CPU, 136 KB RAM, 
integrated LCD display with 320*224 64 (out of 512) colours, 10 
channel stereo sound. Battery life not worth mentioning.



NeoGeo Pocket, released in 1998. LCD. Same as below, but B&W display.

NeoGeo Pocket Color, released in 1999. LCD. Different color variations 
(Platinum Silver, Blue, Anthracite, Ocean Blue, Stone Blue, Clear, 
Solid Silver, Pearl Blue, Crystal, Crystal Yellow, Crystal Blue, 
Platinum Blue, Carbon Black, Camouflage Blue). There's two different 
versions of NGPC, the newer one being just a little bit smaller than 
the original. Has an impressive library of games. There's also a 
"Hanshin Tigers" version of NGPC.



Speak and Spell, released in 1978. VFD. Learning toys for kids, used 
cartridges, VFD display.

Speak and Read, released in 1980. VFD.

Speak and Math, released in 1981. VFD.



Game.com, released in 1997. LCD. The CPU said to be running at 32 MHz. 
Touch screen LCD (160*200), built-in calendar, calculator, phonebook and 
solitaire, internet connection possible with an add-on and external 
modem, 2 slots for carts. Nice music/speech. At least the following 
games: Lights Out, Williams Arcade Classics, Tiger Casino, Centipede, 
Duke Nukem 3D, Frogger, Batman & Robin, Wheel of Fortune, Wheel of 
Fortune 2, Quiz Wiz, Nascar, Mulligan's Golf, Henry, Indy 500, Jeopardy!, 
The Lost World: Jurassic Park, Fighters Megamix, Mortal Kombat Trilogy, 
Monopoly, Resident Evil 2, Scrabble and Sonic Jam. 

Game.com Pocket Pro, released in 1998. LCD. Only 1 cartridge slot & 
smaller design. 4 different colors (purple, red, blue & green). 

Game.com Pocket Pro Light, released in 1998. LCD. Same as above with 

Play Maker, released in 197?. LED. Old looking system from Tiger that uses 
overlays that actually have affect on the game play, so they can be 
called cartridges... anyone know anything more? Year? At least Soccer 
and Football exist.

R-Zone Headgear, released in 1995. LCD. R-Zone head gear unit straps on to 
your head and reflects red toned LCD games in front of your eyes. Has 
about 20-30 games.

R-Zone Super Screen, released in 1996. LCD. Same as the headgear, table-top 

R-Zone X.P.G., released in 1997. LCD. Same as the headgear, hand held version.

Numerous quiz games (Wheel of fortune, Jeopardy, Quiz Wiz..) that use 



Mega Duck, released in ?. LCD. See "Creatronic Mega Duck".



Mega Duck, released in ?. LCD. See "Creatronic Mega Duck".

Supervision, released in ?. LCD. See Watara. Somewhat similar design to
Mega Duck, also similar to the Magnum version of Supervision.



Supervision, released in ?. LCD. Same as Watara. The first version, 
marketed in Denmark (also by Vini Spil). Vini Spil also came out with
a second version Supervision.



Variety, released in ?. LCD. Kinda cool looking hand held with "plug-in 
LCD cartridges". The LCD carts have double layer screens, and there was 
supposedly 6 of them available (Burglar Alarm as a pack-in game). 

Various 'learning computers' for children, some use carts, some let even 
hook up a printer and a mouse.. Pre Computer Power Pad Plus among 



The Game Machine, released in 1978. Almost like a calculator (similar 
display and actually it functions as one as well), but uses overlays
to play different games such as : Shooting Gallery, Black Jack 21,
Code Hunter Game and Grand Prix.

There's also a German version : Der Spiele-Computer by ???



Game Master, released in ?. LCD. At least 6 carts. Possibly the same as 
'Impel Game Master'.

Supervision, released in 199?. LCD. There's at least 9-10 different 
versions. Tried to compete with Game Boy. Also made by Quickshot and 
Goldnation... Complete list of games and more info can be found from 
SlyDC's Supervision FAQ.


III) Manufacturer unknown

?, released in 199?. LCD. Made in China.

Bitman 2000, released in 19??. LCD. Pirate Nintendo Game Boy clone.

Cougar Boy, released in ?. LCD. Brazilian version of the MegaDuck.

Click & Play, released in ?. LCD. Another one of these thingies with
interchangeable LCD screens. Found in Germany and has a built-in rumble
function. 4 games : U-boot, Formula 1, Fussball, Super Fighter.

DigiCasse, released in ?. LCD. An European (Italian?) version of the 
Bandai DigiCasse. Doesn't have any logos (so don't really know who made 
it). The European games are called Pelican, Submarine, ? and ?.

Gametronic, released in 198?. LCD. Same as the Impel Game Master, but purple 
instead of gray. Found in France. I wonder if there's more like these?

Inter Change Able, released in ?. LCD. 

2 Games-in-1, released in ?. LCD. Looks almost exactly like the one 
above, but the carts aren't compatible..

Interchangeable Game Child QGH-78, released in ?. LCD. There's also 
another version (maybe more).

?, released in 197?. Football/Basketball/Soccer. LED. Has overlays for 
different games.

Multi-Game, released in ?. LCD. France.. Has at least the following games : 
Helicoptere, Tortues, Enfant De La Jungle, Aventures De Tom and Football. 

Sunny, released in 19??. LCD. Pirate Nintendo Game Boy clone. 

Smart Player, released in ?. LCD. Found from Greece & Estonia. Another
interchangebale LCD screens handheld. Has the following games : Car 
Racing, Motor Cycle, Highway, Basketball, Ice Hockey, Tennis, Volleyball,
Soccer, Challenger and Invader.

Super Beautiful, released in 19??. LCD. Pirate Nintendo Game Boy clone. 

Top Guy, released in 1994?. LCD. Handheld Famicom.

Wonderboy, released in 19??. LCD. Pirate Nintendo Game Boy clone. 


IV) Links and thanks

Thanks to all who have submitted information. Special thanks to Jaro, 
Marco, Nico, Clint, Rik, Mike, Fabrizio, Olivier, Fredrik, SlyDC, Tom, 
Eric, Beth, Mikko, Ville and all I forgot.

http://pkp.cjb.net - The Arctic Computer & Console Museum
http://www.gamefaqs.com - THE source for FAQs
http://www.handheldmuseum.com - Handheld FAQ and lots of photos
http://www.handhelden.com/ - Electronic Plastic
http://members.tripod.com/faberp/HW.htm - The Strange (and Rare)...
http://haller.uz/ngpc/sys.html - Portable Game Systems


I'm sure this will be updated soon again...
- Manu/PKP -
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